Pollution In The World From Vehicle
Hello I am Abhay Sunny. Now studying in American International University Of Bangladesh My educational background is Electrical & Electronics Engineering.
Pollution is a threat to our entire world. Indonesia has taken some important first steps towards controlling vehicular air pollution. The Ministry of Environment requires that all new vehicles meet Euro 2/II emission standards, and the Director General of Oil and Gas has set fuel quality standards necessary to achieve those emission levels. The Ministry of Environment has also established a protocol for in-use vehicle testing. These laws show important progress in national action to reduce emissions from mobile sources, although Euro 2/II emission standards are less stringent than those adopted by several other ASEAN nations5. The Ministry of Transportation has pursued a program to promote the use of compressed natural gas (CNG), distributing over 2,000 conversion kits for taxi and microbuses. The primary motivation for the CNG conversion program is energy security, but CNG can also provide air quality benefits. The government has reduced fuel subsidies, which encourage vehicle activity. The federal government raised the controlled price of fuels in 2008 and again in 2013, and President Joko Widodo (known as Jokowi) has committed to further increases. Several ministries have examined other measures to reduce vehicle pollution in workshops and meetings with stakeholders such as oil and auto industry members, university experts, and NGOs. In one such effort, the Indonesian Ministry of Environment worked with partners including the US EPA and UNEP to conduct a cost-benefit analysis of various policies to improve fuel quality and fuel economy in Indonesia7. A representative of the Ministry of Environment has stated that the ministry intends to move to Euro 4 emission standards in the near future.
This progress has not been sufficient to control pollution in Jakarta, and local officials confront a need to move beyond national efforts. Euro 2/II-equivalent standards are relatively lenient; many megacities require at least Euro 4/IV-equivalent standards and many are striving to implement Euro 6/VI, taking advantage of the dramatic reduction in vehicle emissions that can be achieved with advanced engine tuning and aftertreatment technology. Furthermore, much of the diesel fuel available around the country does not comply with the sulfur content limits imposed by the 2006 standards, and this has caused difficulties enforcing existing standards for new vehicles.
USE CLEANER FUELS Indonesia has already taken an important step in cleaning up petroleum fuels by eliminating the use of leaded gasoline. The next critical step to facilitate the use of advanced vehicle emission control technologies is the reduction of sulfur. Ensuring that current standards are met is an immediate need, but regulators should also look ahead towards more dramatic reductions in order to facilitate more stringent emission standards.
IMPROVE EMISSIONS PERFORMANCE OF NEW VEHICLES Modern vehicle emission control technologies deliver dramatic emissions reductions at modest cost. Table 1 below shows the percent reduction in per-vehicle emissions that would be achieved by strengthening standards from Euro 2/II, currently in place in Indonesia, to Euro 4/IV for light-duty vehicles (LDV) and heavy-duty vehicles (HDV), respectively.
IMPROVE EMISSIONS PERFORMANCE OF IN-USE VEHICLES AND INFRASTRUCTURE New vehicle emission standards are a foundational part of a long-term emissions reduction strategy. However, new vehicle standards do nothing to clean up existing vehicles on the roads. Older vehicles, some of which may have useful lifetimes of a decade or more, may emit many times as much pollution as a single new vehicle. Programs targeting the cleaning up or scrap page of these vehicles are an important part of achieving short-term air quality improvements to complement the long-term impact of new standards.
How to reduce air pollution from cars and trucks
From walking to work to carpooling, there are lots of ways you can reduce your impact. Discover your commuting style. Since most pollution from cars and trucks is due to the burning of fuel, you can reduce pollution from these sources by burning less fuel, burning fuel cleaner and burning cleaner fuel.
I can identify a champion, set the vision, empathize with people to adopt my new technologies.